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Basic Human Societies

 The word "society" refers to a group of people who occupy a certain territory and possess a distinct culture, characteristics and institutions. Oftentimes, societies are also held together by a system of shared beliefs or common goals. There are four types of human societies based on means of subsistence. These are the hunter-gatherer societies, nomadic pastoral societies, horticulturalist or simple farming societies and intensive agricultural societies (civilizations). Some classifications also list industrial and post-industrial societies, although this may fall under agricultural societies. Hunter-gatherers main means of subsistence is through foraging edible plants or hunting animals from the wild. They are not significantly concerned with domestication. Unlike hunter-gatherers, the nomadic pastoral society is wholly concerned with domestication and farming, agriculture and horticulture. They are concerned with tending cattle, camels, sheep, goats and yaks. Their other d

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